Two Weeks in India with the Leica CL: Getting Out of My Comfort Zone

Oct 29, 2018  By Kirstin Vignes

Praying. 35mm Summilux-TL. 1/160th sec, f/1.4, ISO 3200.

“Do you want to go to India?”

“What are you talking about, dad?” I half-laughed through the phone.

My father, a recently-ordained pastor, eagerly explained that he’d been invited to India to speak at a few pastors’ conferences being organized by his friends’ ministries.

“Everything will be lined up for us,” he continued, trying to convince me. “Besides, it’ll be a good opportunity to spend some time with your dear old dad.” He’s been using this bargaining chip a lot more now that I’m grown up and live a thousand miles away. Between wanting to support my dad and my unquenchable desire to travel, I couldn’t say no. Besides, India is supposed to be a street photographer’s dream, right?

Fast forward a couple months, and I was on a 16-hour flight en route to Hyderabad, India. Tucked beneath the seat in front of me was the Leica CL, the newest addition to Leica’s interchangeable APS-C system. For the past few years, my go-to camera setup has been the full-frame Leica Q, either solo or accompanied by an also-full-frame Leica M with a single 50mm lens. My decision to bring the cropped-sensor CL to India wasn’t an easy one. For someone who is used to the comforts of a full-frame, it was hard to fathom traveling to the other side of the world with only an APS-C camera. But, the CL was intriguing. With a sharp built-in viewfinder and a simple button and dial layout, it was reminiscent of both my Q and M. I could shoot in my usual style and feel comfortable using it as my primary camera.

What ultimately solidified my decision to take the CL was its compact size paired with the flexibility of interchangeable lenses. For this trip, I was lucky enough to nab four of the seven CL-system lenses currently offered: the 11-23mm Super- Vario-Elmar-TL, 35mm Summilux-TL, 60mm APO-Macro- TL, and the new pancake prime, the 18mm Elmarit-TL. 

Warangal Gate. 35mm Summilux-TL, 1/160th sec, f/8, ISO 100

PART I: WARANGAL We got into Hyderabad at 3 AM and my dad’s friend, Pastor Jesroon, was waiting for us at the airport. For the first week, we’d be staying at a hotel near his home in Warangal, Telangana, a three-hour drive from Hyderabad airport. The second week, he’d be handing us over to Pastor Israel in the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh. Both pastors had lined up several pastors’ meetings as well as visits to local churches.

We were dropped off at our hotel in Warangal, advised to “take some good rest,” and to be ready in the lobby by 7 PM for an evening service. We were also cautioned not to leave the hotel because “maybe that’s not such a good idea” – just what a street photographer wants to hear. This was frustrating, but after our first night in town, I understood why. Warangal wasn’t really a destination for Western tourists and my dad and I didn’t exactly blend in. Everywhere we went, heads turned, crowds gathered and cameras clicked. There was no hope of being a fly on the wall. I would have to leave the spontaneous, unposed street scenes to Craig Semetko. 

Kakatiya Ruins. 11-23mm Super-Vario-Elmar-TL (at 13mm), 1/160th sec, f/8, ISO 100

Our schedule was structured pretty much the same day-to-day. Wake up. Eat breakfast. Be picked up. Go to a pastors’ meeting or church service. Dine with the pastor’s family or congregation. Be dropped off back at the hotel. Repeat. Despite my inability to roam, I managed what street shots I could while being carted about town. However, that first week in Warangal, most of my photographs were taken during or after services.

During services, I was always designated a seat front and center behind the pulpit. At first, it felt a little confining and terrifying (I’m mortified of being in front of crowds.), but after warming up, I realized this was an interesting angle and turned the camera outwards, towards the congregation.

It didn’t take long to warm up to the CL. Just like my M and Q, I was able to dial in my auto ISO settings, switch my shutter to AUTO, and shoot in aperture priority. After initial setup, I shut off the LCD and the CL’s dual thumb wheels allowed me to adjust every aspect of exposure, without having to ever go into a menu. Leica cleverly added a center button within each thumb wheel, so you can easily toggle the functionality of each. I had it set up so the right thumb wheel’s primary function was Aperture, a quick press of the center button, and it switched to ISO. The left thumb wheel set to Exposure Compensation as primary functionality, and shooting mode (PASM) as secondary.

I found myself taking a lot of photographs from rooftops – of the hotel, of the pastor’s house, of the churches. I wasn’t allowed to wander out, but I could wander up. I always travel with my Sirui 025x carbon fiber tripod. With a folded length of only 12 inches and weighing just two pounds, I can fit it in my Oberwerth Kate camera bag. Any larger or heavier, and it would have been left at home. With the high ISO capabilities of the CL and fast prime lenses like the 35mm Summilux-TL f/1.4, a tripod wasn’t an absolute necessity, but I was happy to have it, allowing me to to play around with different lenses and get cleaner nightscapes.

Warangal from the pastor’s roof. 35mm Summilux-TL (handheld). 30 sec, f/13, ISO 200

Leica’s auto ISO function has become extremely advanced. If understood, it can be a powerful tool. By dialing in maximum ISO and minimum (slowest) shutter speed, I’m basically telling the camera to think as I do. Keep my ISO at 100 (base) as long as I’m able to stay at 1/125th sec or faster. Once I run out of light and have to start making changes, then boost the ISO. Keep raising the ISO until I hit 6400. These parameters worked for most situations. For unique lighting situations such as extremely low light or backlit situations, I’d switch to a manual shutter speed and/or ISO.

Our last day in Warangal, Pastor Jesroon and his family planned a day trip around their home state of Telangana, which took us through a scattering of ruins from the Kakatiya dynasty, through protected forest areas and past lakes and waterfalls (which to our dismay weren’t flowing in the dry season). This outing not only gave me a chance to see the Indian countryside but also an opportunity to further experiment with the different lenses I had brought, specifically the 11-23mm (18-35mm equiv.). I’ve always been shy of super-wide angles, but India already had me so far out of my comfort zone culturally, it only seemed natural to push my comfort zone photographically as well. Besides, the Kakatiya ruins posed a perfect subject for a super wide lens.

We probably spent most of our time in the car that day, but as the sun fell behind Telangana’s rolling hills and we sped back to Warangal, I couldn’t help but feel immensely satisfied. Just as I was getting comfortable in Warangal, it was now time to leave.


PART II: ANDHRA PRADESH The following day we headed a few hours south to meet up with our second host, Pastor Israel. As soon as we pulled up to our new accommodations, I could immediately tell this next leg of our journey was going to be quite the change of pace. After our first week spent in a bustling, sleepless city of 12 million, we were now tucked away in a quiet lakeside oasis in the Andhra Pradesh countryside.

I would spend the next few mornings exploring our hotel, the Vijay Vihar Resort, and the wildlife that called it home. I would wake up at sunrise, sip my garam chai and watch as exotic birds, wild boars and rhesus monkeys got about the day. Again, I found myself grateful for the variety of lenses I had brought. The 60mm APO-Macro- TL allowed me to get closer to nature both near and far. I was warned to not get too close to the monkeys, so the 90mm (equiv.) focal length gave me enough reach to get the shot, without riling up my excitable subjects. On the opposite end of the focusing scale, the macro function allowed me to capture the color and details of Vijay Vihar’s lush landscape.

Lake Nagarjuna Sagar at the Vijay Vihar Resort. 60mm APO-Macro-Elmarit-TL. 2 sec (tripod), f/13, ISO 100

After my morning retreats, our entourage would head out for the afternoon. We spent most of our time in small towns and gypsy villages, each with its own characters and story to tell. Often times, the entire village would be waiting as we pulled up in our van, throwing marigold petals, beating drums, and bearing welcome banners. By this point in the trip I had learned to smile and accept the excessive, unwanted attention. This was their culture; this was how they welcomed their guests.

For each outing, I would take two lenses with me, usually one wide angle and one longer lens. During the day, I would shoot any combination of lens, but at night I would opt for the faster of the four lenses I brought: the 18mm (28mm equiv.) f/2.8 and the 35mm (50mm equiv.) f/1.4. As an M shooter, the 50mm Summilux-M f/1.4 was always a favorite, so it comes as no surprise that I gravitated towards the CL’s equivalent. Even though I had multiple lenses with me, I still shot with a one-camera-one-lens mentality. I’d pick a lens, mount it, and dedicate myself to that focal length. Changing lenses can often be distracting, causing us unnecessary frustration and missed shots.

Eat crow.

The villages gave me the freedom and security to explore and shoot. The communities were small, the people curious and inviting. We were welcomed into homes and offered meals. In one village, I was escorted with beating drums to a woman’s house where I was dressed in her grandmother’s traditional tribal clothing. A crowd of women giggled as they layered me in brightly colored fabrics and jewelry.

After each service or meeting, both in Warangal and in the villages, a local family would prepare a meal for us, which was inevitably always chicken biryani, with the exception of our last communal meal. On our drive to the village, Pastor Israel joked, “Today, we are having bird biryani.” By bird, I assumed he meant chicken. Nope. He meant crow.



Gypsy village welcome party. 11-23mm Super-Vario-Elmar-TL (at 23mm). 1/320th sec, f/8, ISO 100


Bull’s eye. 35mm Summilux-TL. 1/2000th sec, f/4, ISO 100.

PART III: THOUGHTS ON THE CL Of the 1,500 photos I took during my two weeks in India, about 500 were taken with the 35mm, another 500 with the 18mm, 350 with the 11-23mm, and 150 with the 60mm.

If I had to pick only one lens for the CL, it would hands-down be the 35mm (50mm equiv.) Summilux. I might be a little biased as a die-hard 50mm shooter, but focal length aside, the Lux proved its worth over and over again. With a two-stop advantage over the other lenses in my bag, it let me take on tricky handheld night shots without resorting to slow shutter speeds or ridiculously high ISO’s. As the only Summilux in the TL system, it rivaled its full-frame equivalents in terms of sharpness and bokeh. I was also surprised by the shallow depth of field I was able to achieve with an APS-C sensor, one of my bigger concerns of giving up full frame. I’m crossing my fingers that Leica will introduce more Summilux lenses for the C/ TL system.

Drum circle. 11-23mm Super-Vario-Elmar-TL (at 23mm). 1/320th sec, f/8, ISO 100

When packing for this trip, I threw both the 11-23mm (18-35mm equiv.) and the 60mm (90 equiv.) in my bag thinking maybe I’d use them once or twice for the occasional architectural or macro shot. I was surprised by how much I actually used both these lenses. Even though I shot significantly less with 60mm, the percentage of “keepers” was much higher than the other lenses. Because it allowed me to capture details both near and far, I had just as many shots with 60mm as the other lenses in my final edit.

The 11-23mm (18-35mm equiv.) was the lens that surprised me the most. I’ve never been a big fan of zooms or wide angles. Like changing lenses, zooming in and out always felt like more of a distraction than anything else. Not to mention the commonly held notions that distortion in super-wide angles is unavoidable and that zoom lenses aren’t as sharp as their prime counterparts. The 11-23mm, however, breaks all of these stereotypes. Leica has thrown the idea that zoom lenses are inferior out the window. They’ve proved this with the SL’s 24-90mm and 90-280mm lenses, and the 11-23mm furthers their case. It’s sharp edge-to-edge throughout the focal range and distortion, even at the widest setting, is minimal.

With the 18mm (28mm equiv.) attached, the CL weighed a mere pound and was reminiscent of a baby Q. Protruding only one inch from the camera and virtually weightless, I barely knew it was there. Slung across my shoulder and tucked underneath my sari, nobody else knew it was there either. In an environment where eyes were constantly following me, this proved to be the best setup for being discreet.

One lens I didn’t have access to but would have liked to bring along was the 23mm (35mm equiv.) Summicron-TL. A stop faster than the 18mm and only slightly larger, it would have given me a little more wiggle room in low light.

The CL at 24MP has the same resolution as Leica’s fullframe cameras (M, SL, Q), but cramming the same number of pixels onto an APS-C sensor comes at a cost: smaller pixels. This generally results in more modest ISO performance and less dynamic range. This was my biggest concern in shooting APS-C. Would it give me the same image quality that I was used to in my Q and M? APS-C sensors have come a long way in the last few years and I was eager to process the images and see just how close the CL files came to Leica’s full-frame cameras.

Open air service. 35mm Summilux-TL. 1/125th sec, f/1.4, ISO 1250

Doorway. 18mm Elmarit-TL. 1/60th sec, f/2.8, ISO 3200

In terms of dynamic range, the Leica CL blew me away. In shots that were seemingly blown out, I was able to bring back the highlights in Lightroom and  recover an incredible amount of detail.

I was also pleasantly surprised with the CL’s ISO performance. At 3200, the CL produces a nice, clean file with well-defined shadows. Bump it up to 6400 and a well-exposed image with a little noise reduction in Lightroom still makes a clear image. However, push it to 10000 and things fall apart. While I haven’t done a side by side comparison, I feel this is where I could separate the CL from my Q and M files. The full frame sensors could manage at 10,000 what the CL could only handle at 6400. For being a smaller sensor, one stop less of ISO performance and equivalent dynamic range isn’t too shabby at all.

The CL is hands-down Leica’s most compact and versatile interchangeable lens system. While the CL doesn’t have the full-frame advantage, it makes up for it in its range of focal lengths and flexibility. I don’t think the CL could ever replace my Q, but it certainly compliment it. Since returning from India, I went on a hiking trip to Zion National Park in Utah. I brought the Q, as well as the CL with the 35mm (50mm equiv.) Summilux and 11-23mm (18-35mm equiv.). This was a nice combination. Not only did this setup provide an extra body – God forbid one were to tumble down Angel’s Landing – but it also gave me a faster 28mm.

Both India and the Leica CL forced me out of my comfort zone. With a camera I never thought I would shoot, in a country I never dreamt of traveling to, I broke my own rules and discovered a new way of shooting.

The pastor’s daughter. 35mm Summilux-TL, 1/60th sec, f/8, ISO 200


Pink and purple and playgrounds. 35mm Summilux-TL. 1/250th sec, f/4.5, ISO 3200


Arriving for dinner. 18mm Elmarit-TL. 1/60th sec, f/2.8, ISO 3200

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Love “the pastor’s daughter” image!

Hi Kirstin,

I thoroughly enjoyed your article. My wife and I love India and are going back there again next spring (Mumbai, Udaipur, Narlai, Sammode, Darjeeling and Kolkata). Having travelled “heavy” in the past with multiple Leica bodies and lenses, I too am much looking forward to going with just a CL, 18-56, 11-23 or 18SEM, plus my M7 and trusty 50 Summilux v.III. Day about film and digital.


I agree that the leitz Summicron CL 50mm f:2 is a great lens. I have the made in Germany marked one, and use it on my Leica M5. I love the lens and it works great on a m5 , despite what leicaphiles said, when it first came out! Also a great lens a a Leica digital camera, like the M10!

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